Surah Duha 93 best Tafseer and benefits

Surah Duha is certainly well-know. Moreover, it is something that many of us has memorized. However, have we taken the time to examine the signifance of the revelation of this verse?

Most of us do not understand the significance of this verse and what it can teach us.

After six months without any revelation, surah Al-duhha was revealed. Due to the lack of revelation, the messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) became depressed and was about to give up all hope.

Allah’s wrath had interrupted the revelation of the Quran, and he believed that Allah was punishing him for it.

These type of emotion are also common in everyday life. As a result, there are instances when we cannot wake up in the morning. Besides that,

We lack faith and pray distractedly. We feel as if we have lost our connection with Allah. When we think that Allah does not love us.

Translation of Surah Duha

  • By the light of the morning sun,
  • And the night when it stands still!
  • Your Lord has not forsaken you, nor has He become averse to you.
  • And the next life is definitely better for you than this one.
  • And surely your Lord will give you so much that you will be happy.
  • Did he not find you an orphan and then shelter you?
  • Did He not find you astray and then guide you?
  • And didn’t he find you needy and then fulfill your needs?
  • So do not oppress the orphan
  • Nor turn back the beggar.
  • And proclaim the favors of your Lord.
Surah Dhuha
Surah Dhuha

Surah Duha In urdu

Surah Duha
Surah Duha

When was Surah Duha revealed?

People began to speculate that Allah had left the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and his family without revelation after a few days. Finally, in response to his comment, Surah Dhuha was revealed and as a result, Allah was pleased with the Holy Prophet.

Why was surah duha revealed?

The messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) received surah duha after six months without any revelation. The messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) was depressed and thought that Allah had forgotten him, disliked him, and did not want to live anymore.

These negative thoughts are banished and replaced with hope, positivity and assurance that Allah is always with him in surah Duha.

Surah Al-Dhuhi is (90.3) of the Quran and has 11 verses.

Tafseer of surah duha first three ayat:

By the morning glow:

Oaths in the Quran is the mean of encouraging reflection and preparation for the coming lesson. Allah subhanahu wa tala has sworn by Al-zuha and dua means sunlight and the early part of the day. This is the time of the day that has a lot of activity and hustle and bustle unlike fajr, which is early morning and part of the day when people just start hustle and wake up.

In contrast, Doha can be equated to the morning rush hour when the day is full of life and movement. It is the time of the day when sun rises after sun set and can be considered late morning. The sunlight in the desert is scorching, but in the early part of the day it is actually quite soothing. A parallel is being compared to the soothing warmth of the sun falling on the prophet.

And at night when it became still:

Allah swt now swears by the night when it is still. Both these time i.e. day and night are important form physiological point of view for self and human personality. These two times are completely different emotion that people face during the day and night and these two opposites enable us to be thankful for each other. Make sometimes life is difficult and sometime it is happy and easy.

The reality is that it is not always easy and comfortable because an important part of life is experiencing hardships and going through difficult times. It is through these experiences that Allah subhanahu wa tala bestows upon us qualities that we could never have benefited from. If life were always easy, one would never learn the patience that Allah has instilled in us, and that which emerges and blooms only in difficult time. Furthermore, one can only be truly thankful and grateful when everything you had is taken away from you.

Your lord has not forsaken you, nor does he hate you:

In Arabic al-Wada’ means to say goodbye, but al-Wadi means a final farewell when there is no intention of returning, for example when one has bought a ticket and there is no return. When there was a pause in the revelation, the polytheists said that Muhammad had left them, although some commentators say that this is not a correct tradition and that this was probably the general feeling of the Prophet at that time. In this verse, Allah subhanahu WA ta’ala is saying that he did not bid a permanent farewell.

Allah subhanahu WA ta’ala could have said ‘lam u wadeek’Which means ‘He didn’t bid you farewell’ but Allah uses ‘Ma’. The use of the word ma for negation, which refers to something in the past, has the advantage of declaring the negation emphatically. So, the translation here would be “He did not bid you farewell at all” and thus Allah uses this precise language to convince the Messenger (PBUH).

I have pointed to the uncertain state of the heart of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).Who was not sure whether Allah (swt) is pleased with him or not, so Allah (swt) gives him full confidence that You (swt) is not angry with him. It is itself an expression of love for the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) because it is not a farewell oath when enemies say goodbye to each other, but it is a farewell oath between people who love each other like family.

The oaths that Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala took in the beginning are about night and day, neither of them is permanent, and so it is appropriate that Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says that the difference in revelation is not permanent. The word used here for Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala is Rabuka. Allah does not say here that Allah bids you farewell, rather he says your Lord.

The use of the word Rabuka in itself shows love for the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). Why would Allah (Exalted be He), your Lord, who gives you gifts and takes charge of you and manages your affairs, bid you farewell? Of all the ways to say goodbye in Arabic, Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala chose the best way to let the Messenger know that he has not left him.

Surah Dhuha benefits:

  • Our beloved Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said that Allah almighty be pleased with recitation of the appreciation.
  • He will return home safely when the slogan is chanted with the name of the missing person. If something is accidentally left somewhere, the recitation of surah duha protects until it is retrieved.
  • If a person leaves something behind and forgets to take it with him, then surah recites the incomplete dhoha. Until that person returns and collects it, that item will remain under the protection Allah.
  • Anyone who recites surah Duha will beg him on the day of reappearance, and 10 times more than the number of beggars and orphans who lived in the past.
  • If you are upset then recite this surah for relaxation of soul and mind.
  • Reciting surah al-Duha helps in treating depression and anxiety.
  • It works by comforting us and overcoming our worries.
  • It serves as a reminder to focus on the hereafter.
  • If something is accidentally left somewhere, the recitation of surah al-duha will be counted among those with whom Allah will be pleased.
  • Surah Duha suggest that the prophet (peace be upon him) will intercede for him on the day of resurrection.
  • For every orphan, widow, or beggar (whom he helps) he will be rewarded tenfold.
  • Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (May god bless him and grant him peace) writes: to detects something wrong, recite surah al-Duha seven times. The objection will be found, god willing also surah al-duha once repeat the verse.

Lessons from surah Duha:

Important lesson that gain from surah is

Be positive:

That is what this surah is about, and that is most important lesson it teaches.

Optimistic is a quality that we as Muslims should maintain. Our ancestors did not intend for us to be a sad race. Our life should be filled with hopes of Allah’s help and mercy. Optimistic and hope are essential ingredients in all our activities. If we are serious and the effort is helpful for the ummah, then we should believe that Allah will support us. This mindset should be the driving force behind our efforts.

Be grateful:

Allah reminds us of past occasion when he helped his messenger so that we can keep the spirit up. Many time in the past Allah has given us prosperity and turned around difficult situations in our lives. Reminiscing about such occasions helps us stay strong hopeful that Allah will continue to provide for us in the future.

Be generous:

A believers motives are not selfish and materialistic. Instead, our goal should revolve around the desire of believers who are selfish and unselfish. One way to strength the ummah is to be generous, and that is what our goals should focus on.

Allah rewards those who give generously, and their wealth increases manifold as a result. The person who receives charity is also blessed and now has some money and help him to move forward in life.

Conclusion:

The conclusion of this surah is the blessings that Allah subhanahu WA tala bestows on his messenger and this and the next surah are devoted to the favor of Allah wa tala. In this surah, Allah describes the blessings he has given to the messenger (peace be upon him) and at the end he will tell the messenger (peace be upon him) what he should do in gratitude.

When one is given favors and blessings, one should be grateful and acknowledge them and as followers of Muhammad (peace be upon him) we should follow him prefect example.

Leave a Comment